First Aid Treatment for Low Blood Sugar – Hypoglycemia

First aid treatment for low blood sugar or hypoglycemia involves promptly raising blood glucose levels to a safe range. If you or someone you are with is experiencing symptoms of hypoglycemia, here are steps you can take:

  1. Check for Symptoms:
    • Be aware of the symptoms of hypoglycemia, which may include shakiness, anxiety, irritability, weakness, hunger, nausea, blurred vision, confusion, rapid heartbeat, intense thirst, pale skin, fatigue, and drowsiness.
  2. Test Blood Sugar (if possible):
    • If a blood glucose monitoring device is available, check the blood sugar level. However, if it’s not possible or convenient, proceed with treatment based on symptoms.
  3. Immediate Intake of Fast-Acting Carbohydrates:
    • Administer a rapidly absorbable source of carbohydrates to raise blood sugar quickly. This can include:
      • 15 grams of glucose gel or tablets
      • 4 ounces (about 120 milliliters) of fruit juice (not fruit drink)
      • 8 ounces (about 240 milliliters) of regular soda (not diet soda)
      • 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
    • Avoid foods or drinks with fat, as they can slow down the absorption of sugar.
  4. Wait and Reassess:
    • Wait for about 15 minutes after administering the fast-acting carbohydrates.
    • Reassess symptoms and, if possible, check blood sugar levels again.
  5. Repeat if Necessary:
    • If symptoms persist or blood sugar remains low, repeat the administration of fast-acting carbohydrates.
  6. Consume Longer-Lasting Carbohydrates:
    • Once blood sugar has stabilized, it’s essential to consume longer-lasting carbohydrates to sustain blood glucose levels. This can include:
      • Whole-grain crackers or bread
      • Fruit
      • Yogurt
      • Milk
  7. Seek Medical Attention if Needed:
    • If the person does not respond to treatment, loses consciousness, or is unable to swallow, seek emergency medical attention immediately.
    • If symptoms improve but there is uncertainty about the cause of hypoglycemia, consult with a healthcare professional for further evaluation and management.
  8. Wear Medical Identification:
    • If the person has a history of severe hypoglycemia or diabetes, wearing medical identification (e.g., bracelet or necklace) can help alert others to the condition in case of an emergency.

It’s crucial to tailor the treatment based on the individual’s specific needs and medical history. If in doubt or if symptoms are severe, seeking professional medical assistance is important. Remember that the goal is to raise blood sugar quickly and effectively to prevent further complications associated with hypoglycemia.