Stress disorder. Causes and symptoms

Stress disorder can manifest in various ways, affecting both our mental and physical well-being. Let’s delve into the causes, symptoms, and coping strategies:

  1. Causes of Stress Disorder:
    • Traumatic Events: Stress disorder often arises after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. These events can include natural disasters, sexual assault, physical assault, verbal abuse, accidents, severe injuries, sudden illnesses, or even exposure to war.
    • Intense Fear or Helplessness: Traumatic events create intense feelings of fear, horror, or helplessness.
  2. Symptoms of Stress Disorder:
    • Intrusion Symptoms:
      • Flashbacks of the traumatic event.
      • Recurring dreams and nightmares related to the trauma.
    • Avoidance Symptoms:
      • Avoiding thoughts, memories, people, or places associated with the event.
      • Self-isolation due to avoidance behaviors.
    • Dissociative Symptoms:
      • Feeling emotionally detached or numb.
      • Experiencing dissociative amnesia (inability to recall aspects of the event).
    • Arousal Symptoms:
      • Physical symptoms interfering with daily life, such as trouble sleeping, irritability, and difficulty concentrating.
  3. Treatment and Coping Strategies:
    • Psychotherapy (Talk Therapy): Seeking professional help is crucial. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure therapy are effective approaches.
    • Self-Care:
      • Prioritize self-care: Eat nutritious meals, exercise, and get adequate sleep.
      • Engage in positive activities like art, music, meditation, and spending time in nature.
    • Breathing Exercises: Mindful breathing helps manage anxiety and stress.


Remember, seeking support and understanding your symptoms are essential steps toward healing.